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形容词,英语语法

来源:三七文学网   时间: 2019-05-18

篇一:英语语法形容词

英语语法-形容词

You'd better tell us something interesting.

The police found nothing strange in the room

3.以-ly结尾的形容词

1)大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly, 仍为形容词。

2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词,如daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early等。例如: The Times is a weekly paper. 《时代周刊》为周刊。

The Times is published weekly. 《时代周刊》每周发行一期。

3)有些既可以作形容词也可作副词。deep ,fast ,far ,high ,late, much, well ,wideThis is a fast train.

Li Ming runs very fast.

4.

典型例题:

1) One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

A. old Chinese stone B. Chinese old stone C. old stone Chinese D. Chinese stone old A. 几个形容词修饰一个名词,他们的排列顺序是:年龄,形状,大小+颜色+来源+质地+用途+国家+名词。

2) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?

---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.

A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last

答案:B。本题考查多个形容词的排序问题。一般与被修饰形容词关系密切的形容词靠近名词;如果几个形容词的重要性差不多,音节少的形容词在前,音节多的方在后,在不能确定时,可参照:限定词+数量词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词,如those + three + beautiful + large + square +old + brown + wood + table。

篇二:英语语法总汇形容词的用法

英语语法总汇形容词的用法

形容词修饰名词,说明事物或人的性质或特征。通常,可将形容词分成性质形容词和叙述形容词两类,其位置不一定都放在名词前面。

一. 形容词的用法

性质形容词

1.品质形容词

品质形容词是直接说明事物的性质或特征的形容词。它有级的变化,可以用程度副词来修饰。在句中作定语,表语和补语。形容词中大多数属于这类形容词。 如: frightened (受惊吓的) foolish(愚蠢的) clever(聪明的)The naughty boy di癫痫病跟羊癫疯是同一种病吗d a foolish thing. (作定语)

The boy is naughty. (作表语)

His mother tried her best to make him clever. (作补语)

2.类属形容词

表属于哪一类的形容词。

如: He is a foreign visitor.

That’s our dairy work.

3.颜色形容词

表示颜色的形容词。

4.强调形容词

起强调作用的形容词。

如:He is a complete stranger to us.

He is a total failure.

He is a perfect fool.

It was pure luck that he wasn’t hit by the car. .

5.Cing 形容词

Cing 形容词是动词加ing形式转化而来的形容词。

如:He was an amusing man.

What he told me was surprising.

These flowers are pleasing.

The end of this film was very satisfying.

6. Ced 形容词

?Ced 形容词是过去分词转化而来的形容词,与?Cing形容词意思不同,一般有被动意义,

多数为品质形容词。

如: I’m interested in English.

We are worried about this.

She gave a satisfied smile.

有些?Ced 形容词是类属形容词,也由动词变化而来,但不用于比较级。 如: All these are required subjects.

She is a trained nurse.

Everyone in our neighborhood is worried, and everyone has his or her own. 也有少数?Ced 形容词不具有被动意思:

如: fallen leaves a retired worker These days are gone.

7.合成形容词

合成形容词有十种:

1)five-year-old, 结构是:数词+名词单数+连字符+形容词

2)kind-hearted 结构是:形容词+连字符+过去分词

3)peace-loving 结构是:名词+连字符+现在分词

4)well-known结构是:副词+连字符+过去分词

5)three-legged 结构是:数词+连字符+名词+ed

6)two-month结构是:数词+连字癫痫病发作前症状符+单数名词

7)full-time结构是:形容词+连字符+名词

8)good-looking 结构是:形容词+连字符+现在分词

9)water-covered 结构是:名词+连字符+过去分词

10)cat-like 结构是:名词+连字符+介词

8.还有一类形容词是说明事物间的关系或事物的用途,时间,方位的,这类形容词没有级的变化,也不能用程度副词修饰。

如:Chinese southeast

9.有些形容词和冠词连用,表示一类人或事物,此时相当于一个名词,可以作主语或宾语。

表示一类人时看作复数,表示一类事物时,看作单数。

如:Robin Hood hated the rich and loved the poor.

叙述形容词

叙述形容词只能作表语,又称表语形容词。这类形容词没有级的变化,也不可用程度副词修饰,大多数以a开头的形容词都属于这一类。

篇三:英语语法:形容词及其用法

英语语法:形容词及其用法

形容词修饰名词,说明事物或人的性质或特征。通常,可将形容词分成性质形容词和叙述形容词两类,其位置不一定都放在名词前面。

形容词及其用法

1) 直接说明事物的性质或特征的形容词是性质形容词,它有级的变化,可以用程度副词修饰,在句中可作定语、表语和补语。例如:hot 热的。

2) 叙述形容词只能作表语,所以又称为表语形容词。这类形容词没有级的变化,也不可用程度副词修饰。大多数以a开头的形容词都属于这一类。例如:afraid 害怕的。

(错) He is an ill man.

(对) The man is ill.

(错) She is an afraid girl.

(对) The girl is afraid.

这类词还有: well,unwell,ill,faint,afraid,alike,alive,alone,asleep,awake 等。

3)形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:

something nice

以-ly结尾的形容词

1) 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。

但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively, ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。

改错:(错) She sang lovely.

(错) He spoke to me very friendly.

(对) Her singing was lovely.

(对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.

2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。

daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early

The癫痫病初期的症状有哪些 Times is a daily paper.

The Times is published daily.

同形容词表示类别和整体

1) 某些形容词加上定冠词可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复数连接。如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry

The poor are losing hope.

2) 有关国家和民族的形容词加上定冠词指这个民族的整体,与动词的复数连用。

the British,the English,the French,the Chinese.

The English have wonderful sense of humor.

多个形容词修饰名词的顺序

多个形容词修饰名词时,其顺序为:

限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词

a small round table

a tall gray building

a dirty old brown shirt

a famous German medical school

an expensive Japanese sports car

典型例题:

1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys.

A. little two other B. two little other C. two other little

D. little other two

答案:C。由"限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --性质--名词"的公式可知数词,描绘词,性质依次顺序,只有C符合答案。

2) One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

A. old Chinese stoneB. Chinese old stone C. old stone Chinese D. Chinese stone old

答案A. 几个形容词修饰一个名词,他们的排列顺序是:年龄,形状,大小+颜色+来源+质地+用途+国家+名词。

3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?

---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.

A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last

答案:B。本题考查多个形容词的排序问题。一般与被修饰形容词关系密切的形容词靠近名词;如果几个形容词的重要性差不多,音节少的形容词在前,音节多的方在后,在不能确定时,可参照下表:

限定词+数量词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+

those + three + beautiful + large + square

<十七岁了,还没一点好转,那么癫痫病病应该要怎么治疗呢p class="txt">新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词

old + brown + wood + table

副词及其基本用法

副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。

一、副词的位置:

1) 在动词之前。

2) 在be动词、助动词之后。

3) 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。

注意:

a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使平衡。

We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us. b. 方式副词well,badly糟、坏,hard等只放在句尾。

He speaks English well.

二、副词的排列顺序:

1) 时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

2) 方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用and或but等连词连接。 Please write slowly and carefully.

3) 多个不同副词排列:程度+地点+方式+时间副词。

注意:副词very 可以修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。

改错:(错) I very like English.

(对) I like English very much.

注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。

I don't know him well enough.

There is enough food for everyone to eat.

There is food enough for everyone to eat.

兼有两种形式的副词

1) close与closely

close意思是"近"; closely 意思是"仔细地"

He is sitting close to me.

Watch him closely.

2) late 与lately

late意思是"晚"; lately 意思是"最近"

You have come too late.

What have you been doing lately?

3) deep与deeply

deep意思是"深",表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,"深深地"

He pushed the stick deep into the mud.

Even father was deeply moved by the film.

英语语法形容词英语语法-形容词Youdbettertellussomethinginteresting Thepolicefoundnothingstrangeintheroom3 以-ly结尾的形容词1)大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但friendly...

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